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Maple Syrup Production Facts and Figures

Maple syrup production in the United States is mainly in the Northeast and the northern Midwest. In Canada is takes place in most of the provinces. The Canadian province of Quebec produces 90% of Canada's maple syrup and 70% of the entire world's production of maple syrup.  Canada exported about $360 million (US)  of maple syrup in 2016. Maple syrup can be made wherever suitable species of maple trees grow, such as New Zealand. One tap on one tree will produce approximately 10 gallons of sap (in a typical year, it does vary from year to year) which will boil down to make about one quart of maple syrup. Once a tree reaches a diameter of 12 inches or larger, one tap can be put in it.  At 18 inches or greater in diameter, 2 taps in trees can be put in.

Most recent Maple syrup production figures for the United StatesAreas with commercial maple syrup production

The United States produces a total of approximately 4 million gallons of maple syrup annually. The data is usually released in June of each year by the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA),

  • the United States produced 4.18 million gallons of maple syrup in 2023, down 15% from the previous season.
  • The number of taps totaled 13.4 million, down 4% from 2022, and
  • the yield per tap was 0.311 gallon, down 0.042 gallon from the previous season. 

The top states in the U.S. and their  production figures are shown below. As you can see, the rankings between the states rarely change. Vermont is, by far, the largest producer in the United States. But Ontario, Canada's production dwarfs the entirety of the United States maple syrup production.

 

United States Maple Syrup Product by State and Year

 

Rank

State and production in gallons by year

2023

2022

2021

2020

2019

2010

 
Vermont 2,045,000 2,554,000 1,750,000 2,220,000 2,070,000 890,000
New York 750,000 815,000 647,000 804,000 820,000 312,000  
Maine 470,000 634,000 514,000 590,000 580,000 310,000  
Wisconsin 402,000 443,000 365,000 265,000 270,000 117,000  
Michigan 195,000 188,000 150,000 170,000 195,000 82, 000  
Pennsylvania 178,000 155,000 168,000 169,000 157,000 54,000  
New Hampshire 139,000 154,000 127,000 154,000 148,000 87,000  
Ohio     * * * * * 65,000  
Massachusetts * * * * * 29,000  
10  Connecticut * * * * * 9,000
  United States (total) includes other states with minor production 4,180,000 4,943,000 3,721,000 4,372,000 4,240,000 1,960,000  

* USDA stopped collecting maple syrup production data in this state after 2018

 

Maple Syrup Production 2021-2023

2019 Maple syrup Production

Maple Syrup Production on the West Coast of the United States

There is only one small commercial farm in Washington State and 3 hobbyist farms in Washington State, with a total of 36 taps. The University of Washington plans to install 700 experimental taps in Pack Forest in 2020.

There are no commercial maple syrup farms in California or Oregon.

Canadian Maple Syrup Production

As noted above it is concentrated in Quebec, but there are specialty producers in most provinces.  There are three tribes: Hupacasath First Nation,  Muh-uulth-aht, Klee khoot aht and Cuu-ma-as-aht that make commercial syrup together on Vancouver Island. There is also an annual bigleaf maple syrup festival on Vancouver Island, B.C.

 

Production of Maple Syrup outside of North America

There appears to be a start-up maple syrup farm in New Zealand.